Poster #084, San Andreas Fault System (SAFS)

New insights on subsurface fault and geologic structure at Loma Prieta, central California

Gary S. Fuis, Rufus D. Catchings, Mark R. Goldman, Daniel S. Scheirer, Tait E. Earney, Klaus Bauer, & Edward Zhang
Poster Image: 

Poster Presentation

2021 SCEC Annual Meeting, Poster #084, SCEC Contribution #11065 VIEW PDF
In light of recent interpretations of a two-part dip for the San Andreas fault (SAF) in the Coachella Valley, of southern California, we have compiled data sets and analyses in the vicinity of the 1989 Mw 6.9 Loma Prieta earthquake, in central California. These data sets and analyses include the 3-D seismic velocity model and aftershock relocations of Lin and Thurber (2012), seismic-reflection data from a 1991 profile of Catchings et al. (2004), and potential-field data collected by the U.S. Geological Survey following the earthquake. The velocity model and aftershock relocations of Lin and Thurber (2012) clearly reveal a curving geometry for the SAF somewhat similar to that found in the C...oachella Valley: the fault dips steeply near the surface and curves with depth to join the moderately SW-dipping main rupture plane below 10-km depth. The Sargent fault, 2-3 km NE of the SAF, is outlined by aftershocks as a steep fault in the upper crust, and the Zayante fault, 6-7 km SW of the SAF, is seen in the velocity model to dip moderately SW into the middle crust. The SAF is a clear velocity boundary, with higher velocities on the NE, attributable to Mesozoic accretionary and other rocks, and lower velocities on the SW, attributable to Cenozoic sedimentary and other rocks of the La Honda basin. The Zayante fault is also a velocity boundary between lower-velocity rocks of the La Honda basin on the NE and Mesozoic granitic rocks of Salinia on the SW. Modeling of aeromagnetic data produces a geometry for the SAF consistent with the seismic-velocity model, with some suggestion of an initial NE dip near the surface. In addition, these data indicate that the La Honda basin rocks are underlain at ~ 10-km depth by a magnetic body, interpretable as the gabbro of Logan, possibly an ophiolitic basement for these rocks. The Zayante fault, SAF, and Sargent fault are boundaries between rocks of differing reflection character as follows: Salinian rocks are poor in reflections; La Honda basin rocks are characterized by numerous subhorizontal reflections; rocks between the SAF and Sargent fault show a mix of steep and subhorizontal reflections; rocks NE of the Sargent fault are characterized by steeply SW dipping reflections as far NE as the Berrocal fault, located 4 km NE of the Sargent fault. In summary, the SAF is quite clearly non-vertical and non-planar, as in the Coachella Valley.