SCEC Award Number 16020 View PDF
Proposal Category Collaborative Proposal (Integration and Theory)
Proposal Title Testing and Reconciling Stress Drop and Attenuation Models for Southern California
Name Organization
Rachel Abercrombie Boston University Peter Shearer University of California, San Diego
Other Participants
SCEC Priorities 2a, 2d, 6a SCEC Groups Seismology, GMP
Report Due Date 03/15/2017 Date Report Submitted 05/19/2017
Project Abstract
This SCEC funded research involves systematic analyses to improve the quality and reliability of stress drop measurements in Southern California. Earthquake stress drop is a fundamental source parameter, implicit in many of SCEC science goals. It is relatively easy to estimate from seismic data, but hard to measure reliably and well. The large uncertainties and scatter in results affect strong ground motion prediction, and also limit our understanding of the physics of the earthquake rupture process, including distinguishing induced seismicity from natural seismicity. We are studying the complementary approaches of the two PIs to investigate sources of consistency and discrepancies, and quantify uncertainties in stress drop estimates. We made considerable progress on these goals during the last year by focusing on test regions near Cajon Pass and Landers. We find a strong correlation between the stress estimates computed using the different approaches, but with considerable scatter. We are currently working to isolate the sources of disagreement between the methods. Our longer-term aim is to develop an improved approach to estimate more accurate and reliable stress drops (SCEC4 Science Priorities 2a and 2d Q1), together with regional attenuation and site effects (SCEC4 Science Priority 6a).