Geometrical Properties of Seismicity in California

Zachary E. Ross, Yehuda Ben-Zion, & Ilya Zaliapin

Submitted September 11, 2022, SCEC Contribution #12008, 2022 SCEC Annual Meeting Poster #009

The spatial geometry of seismicity encodes information about loading and failure processes, as well as properties of the underlying fault structure. Traditional approaches to characterizing geometrical attributes of seismicity rely on assumed locations and geometry of fault surfaces, particularly at depth, where resolution is overall quite poor. In this study, we develop an alternative approach to quantifying geometrical properties of seismicity using techniques from anisotropic point process theory. Our approach does not require prior knowledge about the underlying fault properties. We characterize the geometrical attributes of 32 distinct seismicity regions in California and introduce a simple four class classification scheme that covers the range of geometrical properties observed. Most of the regions classified as having localized seismicity are within northern California, while nearly all of the regions classified as having distributed seismicity are within southern California. In addition, we find that roughly 1 out of 4 regions exhibit orthogonal seismicity structures. The results of this study provide a foundation for future analyses of geometrical properties of seismicity and new observables to compare with numerical modelling studies.

Ross, Z. E., Ben-Zion, Y., & Zaliapin, I. (2022, 09). Geometrical Properties of Seismicity in California. Poster Presentation at 2022 SCEC Annual Meeting.

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