Improved Stability of a Deeply Anchored Geodetic Monument for Deformation Monitoring

John O. Langbein, Frank K. Wyatt, Hadley Johnson, Duane Hamann, & Paul Zimmer

Published December 15, 1995, SCEC Contribution #248

A test of two different monument designs used in geodetic networks shows that monuments installed to depths of 5 to 10 meters, and laterally braced, exhibit less environmentally caused displacement than those installed to 2 meters depth. At Parkfield, California, we have been monitoring the lengths of 17 baselines over the past decade with a 2 to 3 day interval between measurements using a two-color geodimeter with a nominal precision of 0.5 mm over 5 km long baselines. Significant variations are observed on many of these baselines which appear to be related to the seasonally occurring rainfall, with the larger variations approaching 10 mm over the past decade. To test whether we could improve upon the measurements on some of the more susceptible lines, at two sites we installed new monuments within about 30 meters of the original monuments. After 1.5 years of measurements it is evident that the new monuments significantly attenuate the seasonal displacements to less than 1 mm. The use of deeply anchored monuments should improve the ability of fault-scale geodetic monitoring arrays to detect small tectonic displacements.

Langbein, J. O., Wyatt, F. K., Johnson, H., Hamann, D., & Zimmer, P. (1995). Improved Stability of a Deeply Anchored Geodetic Monument for Deformation Monitoring. Geophysical Research Letters, 22(24), 3533-3536. doi: 10.1029/95GL03325.