Exciting news! We're transitioning to the Statewide California Earthquake Center. Our new website is under construction, but we'll continue using this website for SCEC business in the meantime. We're also archiving the Southern Center site to preserve its rich history. A new and improved platform is coming soon!

Evidence for Non-Self-Similarity of Microearthquakes Recorded at a Taiwan Borehole Seismometer Array

Yen-Yu Lin, Kuo-Fong Ma, Hiroo Kanamori, Teh-Ru A. Song, Nadia Lapusta, & Victor C. Tsai

Published August 13, 2016, SCEC Contribution #6735, 2016 SCEC Annual Meeting Poster #212

We investigate the relationship between seismic moment M0 and source duration tw of microearthquakes by using high-quality seismic data recorded with a vertical borehole array installed in central Taiwan. We apply a waveform cross-correlation method to the three-component records and identify several event clusters with high waveform similarity, with event magnitudes ranging from 0.3 to 2.0. Three clusters—Clusters A, B, and C—contain 11, 8, and 6 events with similar waveforms, respectively. To determine how M0 scales with tw, we remove path effects by using a path-averaged Q. The results indicate a nearly constant tw for events within each cluster, regardless of M0, with mean values of tw being 0.058, 0.056, and 0.034 s for Clusters A, B, and C, respectively. Constant tw, independent of M0, violates the commonly used scaling relation . This constant duration may arise either because all events in a cluster are hosted on the same isolated seismogenic patch, or because the events are driven by external factors of constant duration, such as fluid injections into the fault zone. It may also be related to the earthquake nucleation size.

Lin, Y., Ma, K., Kanamori, H., Song, T. A., Lapusta, N., & Tsai, V. C. (2016, 08). Evidence for Non-Self-Similarity of Microearthquakes Recorded at a Taiwan Borehole Seismometer Array. Poster Presentation at 2016 SCEC Annual Meeting.

Related Projects & Working Groups