InSAR MSBAS Time-Series Analysis of Induced Seismicity in Cushing, Oklahoma

Magali Barba, & Kristy F. Tiampo

Submitted August 15, 2016, SCEC Contribution #7052, 2016 SCEC Annual Meeting Poster #164

Since 2009, the number of earthquakes in the central and eastern United States has dramatically increased from an average of 24 M ≥ 3 earthquakes a year (1973-2008) to an average of 193 M ≥ 3 earthquakes a year (2009-2014) (Ellsworth, 2013). Wastewater injection, the deep disposal of fluids, is considered to be the primary reason for this increase in seismicity rate (Weingarten et al., 2015). We use Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) to study injection induced seismicity in Cushing, OK. InSAR data complements seismic data by providing insight into the surface deformation potentially correlated with earthquake activity. To study the ground deformation associated with the induced seismicity and injection well activity, we develop full-resolution interferograms using raw radar data from Radarsat-1/2, ALOS, and Sentinel-1. We pair the SAR images using the small perpendicular baseline approach (Berardino et al., 2002) to minimize spatial decorrelation. The paired SAR images are processed into interferograms using the JPL ISCE software (Gurrola et al., 2010). Using the MSBAS algorithm (Samsonov et al., 2013, Samsonov and d'Oreye, 2012) and the JPL GIAnT software (Agram et al., 2013), we construct a time-series of the cumulative surface displacement integrating all interferograms for the region.

To correlate the relationship between surface deformation and wastewater injection, we compare the well locations, depths, and injection rates with the spatial and temporal signature of the surface deformation before and after induced earthquakes, filling in the spatiotemporal gap lacking from seismicity. By monitoring the surface deformation for wells associated with past and current induced seismicity, we can implement measures to mitigate induced seismicity and its social and economic impact.

Citation
Barba, M., & Tiampo, K. F. (2016, 08). InSAR MSBAS Time-Series Analysis of Induced Seismicity in Cushing, Oklahoma. Poster Presentation at 2016 SCEC Annual Meeting.


Related Projects & Working Groups
Tectonic Geodesy