Experimental Investigation on Poro-Elasto-Visco-Plastic Behavior of the Inner Accretionary Wedge Sediments at the Nankai Subduction Zone

Szu-Ting Kuo, Manami Kitamura, & Hiroko Kitajima

Submitted August 2, 2017, SCEC Contribution #7389, 2017 SCEC Annual Meeting Poster #193

The Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP) Nankai Trough Seismogenic Zone Experiment (NanTroSEIZE) has installed borehole observatories to monitor the evolution of physical and hydrological properties caused by crustal deformation at various strain rates within earthquake cycles. The observatories have been installed at the base of a forearc basin above the megathrust fault (Site C0002) and near the shallow tip of the megasplay fault (Site C0010), and will be installed near the frontal thrust (Site C0006) next year. The observatory pore pressure data have shown the dynamic and post-seismic responses and are used to estimate volumetric strain (deformation) based on poroelastic parameters (e.g., Wallace et al. 2016). The parameters of submarine sediments are often computed theoretically from porosity, compressibilities of matrix, solid, and pore fluid; however, few direct constraints on core samples have been made. To investigate the poro-elasto-plastic behavior of submarine sediments, triaxial experiments with stress relaxation were conducted on the claystone cores (20% porosity) from ~2185 meters below sea floor at Site C0002. Triaxial tests were conducted by applying an axial load at a constant displacement rate of 5 nm/s, while keeping confining pressure (Pc) at 42, 48, or 78 MPa and pore pressure (Pp) at 20 MPa. Stress relaxation tests were conducted periodically, in which neither axial displacement nor pore volume change was allowed.
At lower effective pressure (Pe=Pc-Pp) of 22 and 28 MPa, the samples deform in a brittle manner, with a peak strength of 50 and 55 MPa and a residual strength of 36 and 46 MPa, respectively. At higher Pe of 58 MPa, the sample exhibits strain hardening. The relaxation tests at Pe = 22 MPa show an increase in Pp before yield and a decrease in Pp after yield, suggesting a transition from compaction to dilation. All of the relaxation tests at Pe = 58 MPa show an increase in Pp, suggesting compaction throughout the deformation. The ratio of Pp to volumetric strain determined from the relaxation tests ranges 0.4 - 2.0 kPa/╬╝strain and is lower than the value of 8.7 kPa/╬╝strain for sediments with 20% porosity computed based on the poroelasticity theory (Davis et al., 2009). This implies that the volumetric strain during our relaxation tests is mainly due to plastic deformation. We plan to measure the undrained volume change in response to pore pressure change on samples with a range of porosity from other sites to obtain the moduli directly.

Kuo, S., Kitamura, M., & Kitajima, H. (2017, 08). Experimental Investigation on Poro-Elasto-Visco-Plastic Behavior of the Inner Accretionary Wedge Sediments at the Nankai Subduction Zone . Poster Presentation at 2017 SCEC Annual Meeting.

Related Projects & Working Groups
Fault and Rupture Mechanics (FARM)