Geodetic evidence for a blind fault segment at the Southern end of the San Jacinto Fault Zone

Ekaterina Tymofyeyeva, & Yuri Fialko

Under Review August 12, 2017, SCEC Contribution #7524

The San Jacinto Fault (SJF) splits into several active branches southeast of Anza, including the Clark fault and the Coyote Creek fault. The Clark fault, originally believed to terminate at the southern tip of the Santa Rosa mountains [Jennings, 1994], was suggested to extend further to the southeast to a junction with the Superstition Hills fault based on space geodetic observations [Fialko, 2006; Lindsey and Fialko, 2013a] and geologic mapping [Janecke et al., 2010; Thornock, 2013]. We present new InSAR and GPS data that confirm high deformation rates along the south-eastern extent of the Clark fault. We derive maps of horizontal and vertical average velocities by combining data from the ascending and descending satellite orbits with an additional constraint provided by the azimuth of the horizontal component of secular velocities from GPS data. The resulting high-resolution surface velocities are differentiated to obtain a map of maximum shear strain rate. Joint inversions of InSAR and GPS data suggest that the hypothesized blind segment of the Clark fault and the Coyote Creek fault have slip rates of 13 ± 3 mm/yr and 5 ± 4 mm/yr, respectively. The blind southern segment of the Clark fault thus appears to be the main active strand of the SJF, posing a currently unrecognized seismic hazard.

Citation
Tymofyeyeva, E., & Fialko, Y. (2017). Geodetic evidence for a blind fault segment at the Southern end of the San Jacinto Fault Zone. Journal of Geophysical Research, (under review).