Modelling the spatio-temporal pattern of heterogeneous stresses and strain accumulation due to earthquake rupture on a geometrically complex fault

Khurram Aslam, & Eric G. Daub

Submitted August 14, 2017, SCEC Contribution #7582, 2017 SCEC Annual Meeting Poster #185 (PDF)

We perform physics-based simulations of earthquake rupture propagation on geometrically complex strike-slip faults. We consider many different realization of the fault roughness and obtain heterogeneous stress fields by performing dynamic rupture simulation of large earthquakes. We calculate the Coulomb failure function (CFF) for all these realizations so that we can quantify zones of stress increase/shadows surrounding the main fault and compare our results to seismic catalogs. To do this comparison, we use relocated earthquake catalogs from Northern and Southern California. We specify the range of fault roughness parameters based on past observational studies. The Hurst exponent (H) varies in range from 0.5 to 1 and RMS height to wavelength ratio ( RMS deviation of a fault profile from planarity) has values be- tween 0.01 to 0.001. For any realization of fault roughness, the Probability density function (PDF) values relative to the mean CFF change show a wider spread near the fault and this spread squeezes into a narrow band as we move away from fault. For lower value of RMS ratio, we see bigger zones of stress change near the hypocenter and for higher value of RMS ratio, we see alternate zones of stress increase/decrease surrounding the fault to have comparable lengths.

We also couple short-term dynamic rupture simulation with long-term tectonic modelling. We do this by giving the stress output from one of the dynamic rupture simulation (of a single realization of fault roughness) to long term tectonic model (LTM) as initial condition and then run LTM over duration of seismic cycle. This short term and long term coupling enables us to understand how heterogeneous stresses due to fault geometry influence the dynamics of strain accumulation in the post-seismic and inter-seismic phase of seismic cycle.

Key Words
post seismic, fault roughness, fault rupture

Citation
Aslam, K., & Daub, E. G. (2017, 08). Modelling the spatio-temporal pattern of heterogeneous stresses and strain accumulation due to earthquake rupture on a geometrically complex fault. Poster Presentation at 2017 SCEC Annual Meeting.


Related Projects & Working Groups
Fault and Rupture Mechanics (FARM)