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Quantitative relationship between aseismic slip propagation speed and frictional properties

Keisuke Ariyoshi, Jean-Paul Ampuero, Roland Bürgmann, Takanori Matsuzawa, Akira Hasegawa, Ryota Hino, & Takane Hori

Published July 24, 2019, SCEC Contribution #9258, 2019 SCEC Annual Meeting Poster #208 (PDF)

Poster Image: 
Recent observations show evidence of propagation of postseismic slip, which may contain information about the mechanical properties of faults. Here, we develop a new analytical relationship between the propagation speed of aseismic slip transients and fault frictional properties, modeled by a rate- and state-dependent friction law. The relationship explains the propagation speed of afterslip in 3-D numerical simulations to first order. Based on this relationship, we identify systematic dependencies of afterslip propagation speed on effective normal stress σ and frictional properties (the coefficients a and a-b which quantify the instantaneous and the steady-state velocity-dependence of friction, respectively, and the characteristic slip distance L of fault state evolution). Lower values of the parameter A=aσ cause faster propagation in areas where the passage of the postseismic slip front induces large shear stress changes Δτ compared to A, which are typically located near the mainshock rupture. In areas where Δτ/A is small, typically more distant from the mainshock, afterslip propagation speed is more sensitive to (a-b)σ. The propagation speed is proportional to initial slip velocity and, under the condition that loading span is significantly shorter than the passage of postseismic slip, inversely proportional to L. The relationship developed here should be useful to constrain the frictional properties of faults based on observed propagation speeds, independently of rock laboratory experiments, which can then be used in predictive numerical simulations of aseismic slip phenomena.

Key Words
rate-and-state friction, postseismic slip, slow earthquake, 3-D fault modeling

Ariyoshi, K., Ampuero, J., Bürgmann, R., Matsuzawa, T., Hasegawa, A., Hino, R., & Hori, T. (2019, 07). Quantitative relationship between aseismic slip propagation speed and frictional properties. Poster Presentation at 2019 SCEC Annual Meeting.

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Tectonic Geodesy