Recent milestones in unraveling the full-field structure of dynamic shear cracks and fault ruptures in real time: from photoelasticity to ultrahigh-speed digital image correlation

Ares J. Rosakis, Vito Rubino, & Nadia Lapusta

Accepted December 10, 2019, SCEC Contribution #9998

The last few decades have seen great achievements in dynamic fracture mechanics. Yet it was not possible to experimentally quantify the full-field behavior of dynamic fractures, until very recently. Here we review our recent work on the full-field quantification of the temporal evolution of dynamic shear ruptures. Our newly developed approach based on digital image correlation combined with ultrahigh-speed photography has revolutionized the capabilities of measuring highly transient phenomena and enabled addressing key questions of rupture dynamics. Recent milestones include the visualization of the complete displacement, particle velocity, strain, stress and strain rate fields near growing ruptures, capturing the evolution of dynamic friction during individual rupture growth, and the detailed study of rupture speed limits. For example, dynamic friction has been the biggest unknown controlling how frictional ruptures develop but it has been impossible, until now, to measure dynamic friction during spontaneous rupture propagation and to understand its dependence on other quantities. Our recent measurements allow, by simultaneously tracking tractions and sliding speeds on the rupturing interface, to disentangle its complex dependence on slip, slip velocity, and on their history. In another application, we have uncovered new phenomena that could not be detected with previous methods, such as the formation of pressure shock fronts associated with “supersonic” propagation of shear ruptures in viscoelastic materials where the wave speeds are shown to depend strongly on the strain rate.

Citation
Rosakis, A. J., Rubino, V., & Lapusta, N. (2019). Recent milestones in unraveling the full-field structure of dynamic shear cracks and fault ruptures in real time: from photoelasticity to ultrahigh-speed digital image correlation. Journal of Applied Mechanics, (accepted).


Related Projects & Working Groups
Fault and Rupture Mechanics (FARM)