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Ground-Motion Evaluation of Hybrid Seismic Velocity Models

Rasheed Ajala, & Patricia Persaud

Published August 10, 2022, SCEC Contribution #10950

Cost-effective strategies for enhancing seismic velocity models are an active research topic. The recently developed hybridization technique shows promise in improving models used for deterministic earthquake hazard evaluation. We augment the results of Ajala and Persaud (2021) by exploring other hybrid models generated using 13 sets of embedding parameters – taper widths and sub-volumes – and summarize their effect on waveform predictions up to a minimum period of 2 s. Our results introduce the notion of compatibility as a consideration by showing that the same basin models embedded into two different regional models can produce notably different outcomes. In contrast to most of our hybrid Harvard models that produce better matching ground motions, only one of the hybrid models generated using the Southern California Earthquake Center model as a regional model gives a closer match to the waveforms. Similar results are obtained at higher frequencies; however, improvements due to hybridization are reduced. A potential explanation for these results may be the limited high spatial frequencies in the travel-time tomography basin models and the >5-6 s wavefield-dominated adjoint regional models. Although the strongly tapered compatible hybrid models tend to produce better results, we find instances of improvements even with merging artifacts.

Key Words
SCEC CVM, model merging, Salton Trough, ground motions

Ajala, R., & Persaud, P. (2022). Ground-Motion Evaluation of Hybrid Seismic Velocity Models. The Seismic Record, 2(3), 186-196. doi: 10.1785/0320220022.

Related Projects & Working Groups
Assimilating SSIP data into a Full 3D Tomography (F3DT) model of the Salton Trough, SCEC Community Models (CXM), Ground Motions (GM), San Andreas Fault System (SAFS)