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Informative modes of seismicity in nearest-neighbor earthquake proximities

Yu-Fang Hsu, Ilya Zaliapin, & Yehuda Ben-Zion

Submitted September 10, 2023, SCEC Contribution #12840, 2023 SCEC Annual Meeting Poster #022

We analyze nearest-neighbor proximities of earthquakes in California based on the joint distribution (T, R) of rescaled time T and rescaled distance R between pairs of earthquakes (Zaliapin and Ben-Zion, 2013), using seismic catalogs from several regions and several catalogs for the San Jacinto Fault Zone (SJFZ). The study aims to identify informative modes in nearest-neighbor diagrams beyond the general background and clustered modes, and to assess seismic catalogs derived by different methods. The results show that earthquake clusters with large and small-to-medium mainshocks have approximately diagonal and horizontal (T, R) distributions of the clustered mode, respectively, reflecting different triggering distances of mainshocks. Earthquakes in the creeping section of San Andreas Fault have a distinct “repeaters mode” characterized by very large rescaled times T and very small rescaled distances R, due to nearly identical locations of repeating events. Induced seismicity in the Geysers and Coso geothermal fields follow mostly the background mode, but with larger rescaled times T and smaller rescaled distances R compared to tectonic background seismicity. We also document differences in (T, R) distributions of catalogs constructed by different techniques (analyst-picks, template-matching and deep-learning) for the SJFZ, and detect a mode with very large R and small T in the template-matching and deep-learning based catalogs. This mode may reflect dynamic triggering by passing waves and/or catalog artifacts.

Hsu, Y., Zaliapin, I., & Ben-Zion, Y. (2023, 09). Informative modes of seismicity in nearest-neighbor earthquake proximities. Poster Presentation at 2023 SCEC Annual Meeting.

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