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Subregional Anelastic Attenuation Model for California

Tristan E. Buckreis, Jonathan P. Stewart, Scott J. Brandenberg, & Pengfei Wang

Published August 2, 2023, SCEC Contribution #13376

Ground‐motion models (GMMs) typically include a source‐to‐site path model that describes the attenuation of ground motion with distance due to geometric spreading and anelastic attenuation. In contemporary GMMs, the anelastic component is typically derived for use in one or more broad geographical regions such as California or Japan, which necessarily averages spatially variable path effects within those regions. We extend that path modeling framework to account for systematic variations of anelastic attenuation for ten physiographic subregions in California that are defined in consideration of geological differences. Using a large database that is approximately doubled in size for California relative to Next Generation Attenuation (NGA)‐West2, we find relatively high attenuation in Coast Range areas (North Coast, Bay area, and Central Coast), relatively low attenuation in eastern California (Sierra Nevada, eastern California shear zone), and state‐average attenuation elsewhere, including southern California. As part of these analyses, we find for the North Coast region relatively weak ground motions on average from induced events (from the Geysers), similar attenuation rates for induced and tectonic events, and higher levels of ground‐motion dispersion than other portions of the state. The proposed subregional path model appreciably reduces within‐event and single‐station variability relative to an NGA‐West2 GMM for ground motions at large distance (⁠RJB > 100 km⁠). The approach presented here can readily be adapted for other GMMs and regions.

Buckreis, T. E., Stewart, J. P., Brandenberg, S. J., & Wang, P. (2023). Subregional Anelastic Attenuation Model for California. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 113(6), 2292-2310. doi: 10.1785/0120220173.