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Retrospective Evaluation of the Five-Year and Ten-Year CSEP-Italy Earthquake Forecasts

Maximilian J. Werner, Jeremy D. Zechar, Warner Marzocchi, & Stefan Wiemer

Published 2010, SCEC Contribution #1436

On 1 August 2009, the global Collaboratory for the Study of Earthquake Predictability (CSEP) launched a prospective and comparative earthquake predictability experiment in Italy. The goal of the CSEP-Italy experiment is to test earthquake occurrence hypotheses that have been formalized as probabilistic earthquake forecasts over temporal scales that range from days to years. In the first round of forecast submissions, members of the CSEP-Italy Working Group presented eighteen five-year and ten-year earthquake forecasts to the European CSEP Testing Center at ETH Zurich. We considered the twelve time-independent earthquake forecasts among this set and evaluated them with respect to past seismicity data from two Italian earthquake catalogs. In this article, we present the results of tests that measure the consistency of the forecasts with the past observations. Besides being an evaluation of the submitted time-independent forecasts, this exercise provided insight into a number of important issues in predictability experiments with regard to the specification of the forecasts, the performance of the tests, and the trade-off between the robustness of results and experiment duration. We conclude with suggestions for the future design of earthquake predictability experiments.

Werner, M. J., Zechar, J. D., Marzocchi, W., & Wiemer, S. (2010). Retrospective Evaluation of the Five-Year and Ten-Year CSEP-Italy Earthquake Forecasts. Annals of Geophysics, 53(3).