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Source parameter inversion of compound earthquakes on GPU/CPU hybrid platform

Yongfei Wang, & Sidao Ni

In Preparation 2012, SCEC Contribution #1660

Source parameter of earthquakes is essential problem in seismology. Accurate and timely determination of the earthquake parameters (such as moment, depth, strike, dip and rake of fault planes) is significant for both the rupture dynamics and ground motion prediction or simulation. And the rupture process study, especially for the moderate and large earthquakes, is essential as the more detailed kinematic study has became the routine work of seismologists. However, among these events, some events behave very specially and intrigue seismologists. These earthquakes usually consist of two similar size sub-events which occurred with very little time interval, such as mb4.5 Dec.9, 2003 in Virginia. The studying of these special events including the source parameter determination of each sub-events will be helpful to the understanding of earthquake dynamics. However, seismic signals of two distinctive sources are mixed up bringing in the difficulty of inversion. As to common events, the method(Cut and Paste) has been proven effective for resolving source parameters, which jointly use body wave and surface wave with independent time shift and weights. CAP could resolve fault orientation and focal depth using a grid search algorithm. Based on this method, we developed an algorithm(MUL_CAP) to simultaneously acquire parameters of two distinctive events. However, the simultaneous inversion of both sub-events make the computation very time consuming, so we develop a hybrid GPU and CPU version of CAP(HYBRID_CAP) to improve the computation efficiency. Thanks to advantages on multiple dimension storage and processing in GPU, we obtain excellent performance of the revised code on GPU-CPU combined architecture and the speedup factors can be as high as 40x-90x compared to classical cap on traditional CPU architecture.As the benchmark, we take the synthetics as observation and inverse the source parameters of two given sub-events and the inversion results are very consistent with the true parameters. For the events in Virginia, USA on 9 Dec, 2003, we re-invert source parameters and detailed analysis of regional waveform indicates that Virginia earthquake included two sub-events which are Mw4.05 and Mw4.25 at the same depth of 10km with focal mechanism of strike65/dip32/rake135, which are consistent with previous study. Moreover, compared to traditional two-source model method, MUL_CAP is more automatic with no need for human intervention.

Wang, Y., & Ni, S. (2012). Source parameter inversion of compound earthquakes on GPU/CPU hybrid platform. Computational Geoscience, (in preparation).