Shear flow of angular grains: Acoustic effects and nonmonotonic rate dependence of volume

Charles K. Lieou, Ahmed E. Elbanna, James S. Langer, & Jean M. Carlson

Published 2014, SCEC Contribution #2097

Naturally occurring granular materials often consist of angular particles whose shape and frictional characteristics may have important implications on macroscopic flow rheology. In this paper, we provide a theoretical account for the peculiar phenomenon of autoacoustic compaction—nonmonotonic variation of shear band volume with shear rate in angular particles—recently observed in experiments. Our approach is based on the notion that the volume of a granular material is determined by an effective-disorder temperature known as the compactivity. Noise sources in a driven granular material couple its various degrees of freedom and the environment, causing the flow of entropy between them. The grain-scale dynamics is described by the shear-transformation-zone theory of granular flow, which accounts for irreversible plastic deformation in terms of localized flow defects whose density is governed by the state of configurational disorder. To model the effects of grain shape and frictional characteristics, we propose an Ising-like internal variable to account for nearest-neighbor grain interlocking and geometric frustration and interpret the effect of friction as an acoustic noise strength. We show quantitative agreement between experimental measurements and theoretical predictions and propose additional experiments that provide stringent tests on the new theoretical elements.

Lieou, C. K., Elbanna, A. E., Langer, J. S., & Carlson, J. M. (2014). Shear flow of angular grains: Acoustic effects and nonmonotonic rate dependence of volume. Physical Review E, 90(3), 032204. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevE.90.032204.