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Higher-mode ambient-noise Rayleigh waves in sedimentary basins

Dunzhu Li, Robert W. Clayton, & Yiran Ma

Published July 14, 2016, SCEC Contribution #7095

We show that higher modes are an important component of high-frequency Rayleigh waves in the cross-correlations over sedimentary basins. The particle motions provide a good test for distinguishing and separating the fundamental from the first higher mode, with the fundamental mode having retrograde and the first higher mode having prograde motion in the 1–10 s period of interest. The basement depth controls the cut-off period of the first higher mode, which coincides with a rapid increase (over period) in the particle-motion ellipticity or H/V ratio of the fundamental mode. The strong higher mode we observed is not only due to the low-velocity sedimentary layer but also due to the noise sources with significant radial component such as the basin edge scattering. It is important to correctly identify the mode order when inverting the dispersion curves because misidentifying the higher mode as fundamental will lead to an anomalous high VSV velocity.

Li, D., Clayton, R. W., & Ma, Y. (2016). Higher-mode ambient-noise Rayleigh waves in sedimentary basins. Geophysical Journal International, 206(3), 1634-1644. doi: doi:10.1093/gji/ggw235.

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