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Conditional Probabilities of Large Earthquake Sequences in California from the Physics-based Rupture Simulator RSQSim

Jacquelyn J. Gilchrist, Thomas H. Jordan, Bruce E. Shaw, Kevin R. Milner, Keith B. Richards-Dinger, & James H. Dieterich

Published August 14, 2017, SCEC Contribution #7628, 2017 SCEC Annual Meeting Poster #013

Within the SCEC Collaboratory for Interseismic Simulation and Modeling (CISM), we are developing physics-based forecasting models for earthquake ruptures in California. We employ the 3D boundary element code RSQSim (Rate-State Earthquake Simulator of Dieterich & Richards-Dinger, 2010) to generate synthetic catalogs with tens of millions of events that span up to a million years each. This code models rupture nucleation by rate- and state-dependent friction and Coulomb stress transfer in complex, fully interacting fault systems. The Uniform California Earthquake Rupture Forecast Version 3 (UCERF3) fault and deformation models are used to specify the fault geometry and long-term slip rates. We have employed the Blue Waters supercomputer to generate long catalogs of simulated California seismicity from which we calculate the forecasting statistics for large events. We have performed probabilistic seismic hazard analysis with RSQSim catalogs that were calibrated with system-wide parameters and found a remarkably good agreement with UCERF3 (Milner et al., this meeting). We build on this analysis, comparing the conditional probabilities of sequences of large events from RSQSim and UCERF3. In making these comparisons, we consider the epistemic uncertainties associated with the RSQSim parameters (e.g., rate- and state-frictional parameters), as well as the effects of model-tuning (e.g., adjusting the RSQSim parameters to match UCERF3 recurrence rates). The comparisons illustrate how physics-based rupture simulators might assist forecasters in understanding the short-term hazards of large aftershocks and multi-event sequences associated with complex, multi-fault ruptures.

Key Words
earthquake forecasting, rupture simulators

Gilchrist, J. J., Jordan, T. H., Shaw, B. E., Milner, K. R., Richards-Dinger, K. B., & Dieterich, J. H. (2017, 08). Conditional Probabilities of Large Earthquake Sequences in California from the Physics-based Rupture Simulator RSQSim. Poster Presentation at 2017 SCEC Annual Meeting.

Related Projects & Working Groups
Collaboratory for Interseismic Simulation and Modeling (CISM)